To dispose Bio-Medical Waste in a proper and safe manner with newer technologies has become a challenge in recent times. The phenomenal increase in the quantity of medical wastes generated in the hospitals is attributed to the growing use of disposables, as precautions against exposure to infectious diseases and in general, to the increase in medical and public health facilities. This waste is often mixed with municipal solid waste dumped in landfills, where it can contribute to environmental pollution. There are four primary ways to manage hospital waste: landfilling, source reduction, recycling and incineration. Medical waste has been classified into two categories: (i) general waste, which is not potentially dangerous and does not require special handling and disposal, and (ii) hazardous waste, which requires special handling, treatment and disposal, usually according to specific regulations and guidelines. The latter may pose potential health, safety or environmental hazards. There are three categories of hazardous waste – chemical waste, infectious waste and radioactive waste. Newer technologies have emerged to deal with medical waste in its disposal which has been highlighted upon in the poster.
Janita Shah has completed her Bachelor of Dental Surgery at Manipal University, India and has been practicing as a dentist at the Ministry of Health, Seychelles since the past two years.
The orthodontic patient’s number one concern has always been “how long will I have to wear the braces for?” Recent developments in the field of orthodontics have made it possible to increase the speed and efficiency of orthodontic tooth movement such that there is a dramatic decrease in treatment time. Various pharmaceutical, surgical, mechanical/physical simulation methods have been utilized in an attempt to enhance the periodontium’s response to orthodontic forces, and subsequently accelerate tooth movement.\r\nThis scientific poster reviews the need for shortening orthodontic treatment time, the different modalities available in order to do so, as well as their limitations and future scope for further improvement.